What is Diabetes?

Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination), they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia).

Types of Diabetes

Type 1

“Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. Only 5% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. With the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, even young children can learn to manage their condition and live long, healthy lives.”

reference: http://goo.gl/iDHE7h

Type 2

“Diabetes is a problem with your body that causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal. This is also called hyperglycemia. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.

If you have type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time it isn’t able to keep up and can’t make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels.”

reference: http://goo.gl/97xlBe

Gestational Diabetes

“During pregnancy – usually around the 24th week – many women develop gestational diabetes. A diagnosis of gestational diabetes doesn’t mean that you had diabetes before you conceived, or that you will have diabetes after giving birth. But it’s important to follow your doctor’s advice regarding blood glucose (blood sugar) levels while you’re planning your pregnancy, so you and your baby both remain healthy.”

Site reference: http://goo.gl/6VyO4d

Prediabetes

“Prediabetes, also known as “impaired glucose tolerance” or “impaired fasting glucose,” is a health condition with no symptoms. It’s blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.”

reference: http://goo.gl/ZxrtCP

 

Diabetes Insipidus

“Diabetes insipidus (die-uh-BEE-teze in-SIP-uh-dus) is an uncommon disorder characterized by intense thirst, despite the drinking of fluids (polydipsia), and the excretion of large amounts of urine (polyuria). In most cases, it’s the result of your body not properly producing, storing or releasing a key hormone, but diabetes insipidus can also occur when your kidneys are unable to respond properly to that hormone.”

reference: http://goo.gl/Q0tbgQ

Symptoms

Common symptoms of diabetes:

  • Urinating often
  • Feeling very thirsty
  • Feeling very hungry – even though you are eating
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
  • Weight loss – even though you are eating more (type 1)
  • Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)

Learn More About Diabetes

How Many People Are In The World Living With Diabetes?

The (WHO) World Health Organization estimated as of November 2014. It is estimated nearly 347,000,000 people worldwide have diabetes.

Site reference: http://goo.gl/nvlBUj

How often is someone diagnosed with diabetes?

The (CDC) report states that every 17 seconds someone is diagnosed with diabetes, and that diabetes causes more deaths a year than breast cancer and AIDS combined.

How to live with diabetes

There is no cure for diabetes, but it can be managed. Balancing the food you eat with exercise and medicine (if prescribed) will help you control your weight and can keep your blood glucose in the healthy range.  This can help prevent or delay complications. Many people with diabetes live long and healthful lives.

Diabetes is a common disease, yet every individual needs unique care. We encourage people with diabetes and their families to learn as much as possible about the latest medical therapies and approaches, as well as healthy lifestyle choices. Good communication with a team of experts can help you feel in control and respond to changing needs.

Site reference: http://goo.gl/SlupSa

What is Insulin?

A hormone produced in the pancreas by the islets of Langerhans that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood. The lack of insulin causes a form of diabetes.

Site reference: http://goo.gl/nR1yUp

The types of insulin:

  • Rapid acting – covers insulin needs for meals eaten at the same time as the injection. This type of insulin is often used with longer acting insulin.
  • Short-acting – covers insulin needs for meals eaten within 30-60 minutes Intermediate acting – covers insulin needs for about half the day or overnight. It’s usually combined with rapid or short acting insulin.
  • Long-acting – covers insulin needs for about one full day. This type of insulin is often combined, when needed, with rapid or short acting insulin.
  • Pre-mixed

Site reference: http://goo.gl/ICMEuW

What is B.G.T?

Blood Glucose Testing:

Blood glucose (blood sugar) is an essential measure of your health. If you’re struggling to manage your blood glucose levels, we can help! With the latest tools and strategies, you can take steps today to monitor your condition, prevent serious complications and feel better while living with diabetes.

Site reference: http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/blood-glucose-control/

How To Use A Blood Glucose Device:

How Do I Check?

    After washing your hands, insert a test strip into your meter. Use your lancing device on the side of your fingertip to get a drop of blood. Touch and hold the edge of the test strip to the drop of blood, and wait for the result. Your blood glucose level will appear on the meter’s display.

Note: All meters are slightly different, so always refer to your user’s manual for specific instructions.

Other tips for checking:

  • With some meters, you can also use your forearm, thigh or fleshy part of your hand. There are spring-loaded lancing devices that make sticking yourself less painful.
  • If you use your fingertip, stick the side of your fingertip by your fingernail to avoid having sore spots on the frequently used part of your finger.

What Do My Results Mean?

When you finish the blood glucose check, write down your results and review them to see how food, activity and stress affect your blood glucose. Take a close look at your blood glucose record to see if your level is too high or too low several days in a row at about the same time. If the same thing keeps happening, it might be time to change your plan. Work with your doctor or diabetes educator to learn what your results mean for you. This takes time. Ask your doctor or nurse if you should report results out of a certain range at once by phone.

Keep in mind that blood glucose results often trigger strong feelings. Blood glucose numbers can leave you upset, confused, frustrated, angry, or down. It’s easy to use the numbers to judge yourself. Remind yourself that your blood glucose level is a way to track how well your diabetes care plan is working. It is not a judgment of you as a person. The results may show you need a change in your diabetes plan.

reference: http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/blood-glucose-control/checking-your-blood-glucose.html

Diabetes Training

The HATT Foundation offers informational seminars/training sessions every Saturday 10am-12pm and Saturday evenings 8pm-10pm.

Why is the training important?

These sessions will provide in-depth information on diabetes. The topics range from the history of diabetes to the nutritional diets for people living with diabetes.  HATT Foundation will also provide visual aids on how to properly use blood glucose devices to test blood sugar levels. We will have guest speakers such as doctors; nurses, nutritionists and other health professionals come in and educate our eager-to-learn community dwellers about the serious issues of diabetes.

Call HATT Foundation Today for More Information @ 1 (844) 737-4288 or e-mail at admin@hatt.today. 

Healthy Recipes for Diabetic

Need a quick, easy and healthy dinner?

This is the meal for you. It only takes a few minutes to prepare and then simmers for 30 minutes for a delicious flavor that will have your house smelling delightful too.

Prep Time: 15 minutes

Braised Herbed Chicken

This Recipe Serves 4

Ingredients

  • teaspoon dried rosemary
  • 1 teaspoon dried thyme
  • 1 teaspoon dried oregano
  • ½ teaspoon garlic powder
  • ¼ teaspoon ground black pepper
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • 1 pound boneless, skinless, chicken thighs
  • 2 cloves garlic
  • 2 cups fat-free, reduced sodium chicken broth
  • 3 large carrots, cut into 1-inch chunks
  • 12 ounces fingerling potatoes, cut in half

Instructions

  • In a small bowl, combine the rosemary, thyme, oregano, garlic powder and black pepper.
  • Heat the oil in a home oven over medium-high heat. Add the chicken and sauté for 3 minutes per side.
  • Add the garlic and sauté for 30 seconds.
  • Add the potatoes and carrots around the chicken in the pan. Pour the herb mixture over the chicken and potatoes.
  • Add the chicken broth to the pan and bring to a boil. Reduce heat to a simmer; cover and cook for 30-35 minutes.

MAKE IT GLUTEN-FREE: Confirm all ingredients are gluten-free, including the chicken broth, and this recipe can be made gluten-free.

Nutrition Facts

  • Serving Size: 1 chicken thigh + ½ cup vegetables
  • Calories 260
  • Carbohydrate 23 g
  • Protein 21 g
  • Fat 9.0 g
  • Saturated Fat 2.1 g
  • Sugar 3 g
  • Dietary Fiber 3 g
  • Cholesterol 105 mg
  • Sodium 265 mg
  • Potassium 765 mg

Kale and Quinoa Salad

This Recipe Serves 10

Ingredients

  • 1 cup tri-colored quinoa (or any one color of quinoa)
  • 1½ cups water
  • ¼ cup white balsamic or white raspberry balsamic vinegar
  • 1 clove garlic, grated or minced
  • 1 tablespoon Dijon mustard
  • 1 tablespoon honey
  • 1 tablespoon chopped fresh parsley
  • ½ teaspoon salt (optional)
  • ¼ teaspoon ground black pepper
  • ¼ cup extra virgin olive oil
  • 4 cups chopped fresh kale leaves
  • ¼ cup dried cranberries
  • 2 tablespoons sunflower seeds
  • 3 ounce package reduced-fat crumbled feta cheese

Instructions

  • Rinse the dry quinoa in a strainer under cold running water. Combine the rinsed quinoa and water in a medium sauce pan and bring to a boil. Reduce to a simmer and cover. Cook the quinoa for 12-15 minutes until all the liquid is absorbed. Turn off the heat and leave the lid on for 10 minutes to steam. Spread the quinoa on a sheet pan to cool.
  • In a large salad bowl, whisk together the vinegar, garlic, mustard, honey, parsley, salt (optional), and pepper. Add the olive oil and whisk until emulsified.
  • In the same bowl, toss together the kale, cranberries, sunflower seeds, feta cheese and cooled quinoa until coated with dressing.
  • It is ideal to dress this salad and let it sit at room temperature for about 30 minutes to let the kale wilt a bit and absorb the dressing. Toss again just before serving.

Prep Time: 15 minutes

Nutrition Facts

Serving Size: 10

  • ½ cup
  • Calories 155
  • Carbohydrate 21
  • Protein 5 g
  • Fat 17.0 g
  • Saturated Fat 1.2 g
  • Sugar 8 g
  • Dietary Fiber 2 g
  • Cholesterol 5 mg
  • Sodium 120 mg
  • Potassium 260 mg

Balsamic Chicken with Mushroom

This Recipe Serves 6

Ingredients

    1 tablespoon olive oil 6 slices turkey bacon, cut into 1-inch pieces 8 ounces kale, chopped 1/2 cup fat-free, reduced sodium chicken broth 1/8 teaspoon ground black pepper 2 teaspoons red wine vinegar

Instructions

      Heat a large pot over medium-high heat. Add the turkey bacon and cook for 4-5 minutes until done. Add the kale and chicken broth to the pan; mix well. Cover and cook for 5 minutes. Remove the lid from the pot and stir in the black pepper and red wine vinegar.

 

MAKE IT GLUTEN-FREE: Confirm all ingredients are gluten-free and this recipe can be made gluten-free.

Kale has become a popular super food because it is packed with vitamin A, vitamin C, potassium and fiber. It is also low in carb, so it won’t raise blood sugars too much. If you are in a hurry, you can buy kale already chopped in bags at most grocery stores.

Prep Time: 5 minutes

Nutrition Facts

        Serving Size: ½ cup Calories 70 Carbohydrate 4 g Protein 4 g Fat 5.0 g Saturated Fat 1.0 g Sugar 3 g Dietary Fiber 1 Cholesterol 10 mg Sodium 240 mg Potassium 230 mg Serve this dish with a large green salad drizzled lightly with low-fat salad dressing.

Prep Time: 1 hour 15 minutes

Sautéed Kale with Turkey Bacon

This Recipe Serves 4

Ingredients

        1 pound boneless, skinless, chicken breasts 1 tablespoon olive oil 1/4 cup flour 1 tablespoon trans-fat free margarine 10 ounces sliced mushrooms 1/4 teaspoon ground black pepper 1/3 cup balsamic vinegar 1/2 cup fat-free, less sodium chicken broth

Instructions

        Place the chicken breast in a plastic bag and pound thin with a mallet. Heat olive oil over medium-high heat in a skillet. Dredge the chicken in flour and coat it on both sides. Add the chicken to the pan and sauté 5 minutes per side. Remove the chicken from the pan and set aside. Melt the margarine in the pan. Add the mushrooms and pepper and cook for 5 minutes. Add the balsamic vinegar to the pan and bring it to a boil to reduce the liquid. Add the chicken broth to the pan and simmer 2 more minutes. Add the chicken breast back to the pan and simmer for 5 minutes.

 

Side Suggestion: Serve this over brown rice, quinoa, or another whole grain. Add a nonstarchy vegetable like steamed broccoli or green beans to complete your meal.

Nutrition Facts

      • Serving Size: 2 rolls
      • Calories 350
      • Carbohydrate 54 g
      • Protein 20 g
      • Fat 6.0 g
      • Saturated Fat 1.6 g
      • Sugar 4 g
      • Dietary Fiber 8 g
      • Cholestero 45 mg
      • Sodium 65 mg
      • Potassium 505 mg

Wild Rice with Cranberries and Almonds

Wild rice takes longer to cook than other rice but it has a lower glycemic index of 45 compared to white rice with a glycemic index of 70. This rice is a great holiday side dish too and is crowd-appropriate, making 11 servings.

Prep Time: 10 minutes

This Recipe Serves 11

Ingredients

      • 1 tablespoon olive oil
      • 1 small onion, diced
      • 3 1/2 cups water
      • 1 cup fat-free, reduced sodium chicken broth
      • 2 (4-ounce) boxes wild rice
      • 1/3 cup slivered almonds, toasted
      • 1/3 cup dried cranberries

Instructions

      • Heat the oil in a large pot over medium heat. Add the onion and cook for 3 to 4 minutes.
      • Add the water and chicken broth to the pan and bring to a boil.
      • Add the rice; cover and cook according to package directions; usually about 50-60 minutes.
      • Remove the lid and add in the toasted almonds and cranberries; use a fork to mix together.

MAKE IT GLUTEN-FREE: Confirm all ingredients are gluten-free, including the chicken broth, and this recipe can be made gluten-free.

Nutrition Facts

      • Serving Size: about ½ cup
      • Calories 120
      • Carbohydrate 20 g
      • Protein 4 g
      • Fat 3.5 g
      • Saturated Fat 0.3 g
      • Sugar 4 g
      • Dietary Fiber 2 g
      • Cholesterol 0 mg
      • Sodium 50 mg
      • Potassium 140 mg